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World’s smallest economy Bhutan economy has achieved a greater height transforming from predominantly subsistence agrarian to a modern trading economy. Regional & global bilateral ties upholding its need in the change of the economy has given Bhutan a scale of its size economy growth.  
Rugged mountains dominate the terrain and make the building of roads and other infrastructure difficult and expensive giving the dependency on the agriculture the concrete life styles for many Bhutanese. Today almost 60 percent of the total population depends on agriculture.
The economy is closely aligned with India through strong trade and monetary links and dependence on India's financial assistance. Though there are few macro & micro industries plying their business, most production in the industrial sector is of the cottage industry type.
Most development projects, such as in construction sector, rely on Indian migrant labor. Sectors like education, social, and environment programs largely depend on the support & aid from multilateral & international development organizations. Any economic program takes into account the government's desire to protect the country's environment and cultural traditions.
Despite being a landlocked country Bhutan is blessed with abundant renewable natural resources. Tapping of energies from forest, water wind & sun has already started generating and contributing to the total GDP of the country.
The government’s prerogative of harnessing 10,000MW of power by 2020 at the moment has a mix economy influx. Today the four hydropower which is at the production stage generates 1480MW at an average contributing to the Economy. Few hydropower houses are in line to commence its generation half a decade years from now. Bhutan's hydropower potential and its attraction for tourists are key resources.
The Bhutan’s GDP as of 2011 stands at USD 1055.48 Million with the population strength 738677. 63 and 12 percent are Bhutan’s literacy rate and poverty rate respectively for the year 2012.