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History

Bhutan for centuries was a feuding Nation until 19th century First hereditary King Ugyen Wangchuk unified the Nation under one jurisdiction. It remained isolated from rest of the world either geographically or self-imposed of the fact she was much careful from threat around her if exposed. However British-India & Tibet invaded Bhutan several times but never colonized.

A country with a mosaic cultures, languages, lifestyles & belief systems open its door to independent India in 1949 & the outside world in 1960s. From then the modernization picked its pace and witnessed unprecedented development coupled with the Gross National Happiness philosophy under their Majesty Kings’ reign.

In March 2005 His Majesty the Fourth King Jigme Singye Wangchuck released a draft constitution that outlined plans for democratization. Following year at the age of 51 he abdicated in favor of his son then the Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuk. The crown prince assumed the powers vested on him and formally enthroned in November 2008 at the age of 28 being the fifth King of Bhutan. 

After so much of deliberation, discussions and initiatives at various levels, in 2008 Bhutan became the youngest Democratic Nation in the world marking new era. Its shift from Absolute Monarchy to Democratic Constitutional Monarchy was unsolicited by many Bhutanese but applauded by many other Nations. Bhutan now stands at the second democratic phase with new government in place after the first smooth political transition.